Increase in measles activity in many parts of the world:
- Papua New Guinea
- Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand
- Sierra Leone
MMR vaccination prior to travel will protect against Measles.
Malaria, Plasmodium Knowles in Sarawak, Malaysia
Sarawak Assistant Minister of Public Health Datuk Dr Jerip Susil said knowlesi malaria was transmitted from monkeys to humans and could be fatal as the virus is more destructive to human red blood cells.
The Sarawak Health Department is on high alert following the discovery of a new type of malaria known as knowlesi malaria, which was detected at Mile 13 of the Kuching-Serian Road area. The State's Assistant Minister of Public Health Datuk Dr Jerip Susil said knowlesi malaria was transmitted from monkeys to humans and could be fatal as the virus is more destructive to humans' red blood cells compared to other malaria viruses.
Nigeria: Meningococcal Meningitis
According to WHO, Nigeria's Ministry of Health has reported 652 suspected cases of meningococcal meningitis (serogroup C) within the known meningitis belt region of northern Nigeria, primarily in Kebbi and Sokoto states, since late January 2015. The epidemic threshold has not been surpassed in either state. Shoreland continues to recommend vaccination for travelers to the affected area during the dry season (December through June) and the northern region, as well as for all children and health care workers throughout the year for the entire country.
STD (sexually Transmitted Disease) out break Utah USA
Infection rates for a common sexually transmitted disease have skyrocketed in Utah since 2011, according to a report released by the Utah Department of Health. Between 2011 and 2014, gonorrhea diagnoses increased among men by 296 percent and among women by 714 percent. Health department STD epidemiologist Joel Hartsell said the increase mirrors national trends but is amplified in Utah, particularly on the Wasatch Front. The increase among women is unusual and particularly troubling.
Recent Outbreaks: Ebola Update #2
New information for March 19, 2015: According to WHO, Ebola virus disease (EVD) case incidence continues to fluctuate in Guinea at approximately 75 cases per week with persistent transmission in and around the western prefectures (including the capital city of Conakry). Sierra Leone reports 55 cases per week, the lowest weekly incidence since late June 2014. In Liberia, no new confirmed cases have been reported since mid-February 2015.
The global total is now more than 24,700 cases (including more than 10,190 deaths).
According to WHO and local government authorities, more than 2,100 suspected cases of typhoid fever have been reported in all divisions and the neighboring districts of the capital city of Kampala since early February 2015. S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi A have been identified in some specimens.
Contaminated drinking water and juices have been identified as the main sources of infection with the majority of water sources heavily contaminated with E. coli and fecal matter.
Typhoid vaccination is recommended for all travelers to Uganda though oral typhoid vaccine may not protect against paratyphoid A. Extreme food and beverage precautions are recommended.