Travel Vaccines - International Travel Vaccines Centre
Travel Vaccines - International Travel Vaccines Centre

Specialised Vaccinations

Cholera Activity in Ghana

Some Nurses and Doctors of some hospitals in Ghana's capital, Accra are scared of a possible cholera outbreak as several hospitals begin to record cases of the diarrhoeal disease.

Last year some hospitals in the metropolis created isolation centres to handle cholera cases after an outbreak killed about two hundred people.

Polio vaccine is advisable for the travelers intending to travel to Asia. Injectable Polio is also available those for those who are on chemotherapy and immune deficiency problems.

Information about Polio

What is polio?

Polio is a disease caused by a virus that affects the nervous system and is mainly spread by person-to-person contact. Polio can also be spread by drinking water or other drinks or eating raw or undercooked food that are contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
Most people with polio do not feel sick. Some people have only minor symptoms, such as fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the arms and legs. Most people recover completely. In rare cases, polio infection causes permanent loss of muscle function in the arms or legs (usually the legs) or if there is loss of function of the muscles used for breathing or infection of the brain, death can occur.
New: Polio Vaccine Requirements
If you are traveling to one of the following countries (that has active spread of poliovirus in the past 12 months) for more than 4 weeks, the government of the country may require you to show proof of polio vaccination when you are exiting that country: Afghanistan, Burma (Myanmar), Guinea, Laos, Madagascar, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Ukraine. (This list may change frequently.) Talk to ITVC Travel Doctorif you have questions about this requirement.
If you get the polio vaccine before traveling to one of the countries listed above, you should be given a yellow card called the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (IVCP) that states when you were vaccinated.
From the late 1940s to the early 1950s, polio crippled around 35,000 people each year.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative was launched in 1988, with CDC as a leading partner to stop the spread of polio. Substantial progress has been made in recent years, and only 3 countries remain where polio has never been stopped: Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan. The affected areas in these 3 countries have become smaller. However, polio has been exported to countries that have previously been polio-free, and 7 other countries have had cases of wild poliovirus and spread of polio in the last 12 months. Until polio is stopped everywhere, even polio-free countries are at risk for outbreaks.

Who is at risk?

Travelers going to certain parts of Africa and Asia may be at risk for polio. Everyone should be up-to-date with their routine polio vaccination series. In addition, a one-time adult polio vaccine booster dose is recommended for travelers to certain countries.
What can travelers do to prevent polio?
Get the polio vaccine:

• Ask your ITVC Travel Doctor to find out if you are up-to-date with your polio vaccination and whether you need a booster dose before traveling. Even if you were vaccinated as a child or have been sick with polio before, you may need a booster dose to make sure that you are protected.

• Precautions to protect from catching Polio
• Make sure children are up to date with their vaccination regime

Eat safe foods and drink safe beverages:
Follow the Food and Water Safety (see our travel tips page) tips to avoid exposure to any food and drinks that could be contaminated with the feces of a person infected with polio.
Practice hygiene and cleanliness:
• Wash your hands often.
• If soap and water aren’t available, clean hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
• Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
• Try to avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups with people who are sick.


Getting vaccinated against Typhoid Disease

Typhoid fever is a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi.
Most cases (up to 75%) are acquired while traveling internationally. Typhoid fever is still common in the developing world, where it affects about 21.5 million persons each year



Yellow fever is a mosquito borne disease that is endemic to some parts of Africa and South America. There is no known cure. The yellow fever vaccine is one of the best methods of protection against the disease and is only available from approved yellow fever vaccination centres.

Book your appointment online now or find out more about yellow fever.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A, caused by infection with the Hepatitis A virus (HAV), has an incubation period of approximately 28 days (range: 15–50 days). HAV replicates in the liver and is shed in high concentrations in feces from 2 weeks before to 1 week after the onset of clinical illness. HAV infection produces a self-limited disease that does not result in chronic infection or chronic liver disease.

Hepatitis B Vaccinations

Hepatitis B is caused by infection with the Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

The incubation period from the time of exposure to onset of symptoms is 6 weeks to 6 months. HBV is found in highest concentrations in blood and in lower concentrations in other body fluids (e.g . semen, vaginal secretions, and wound exudates). HBV infection may be self-limited or chronic.

Q Fever Vaccination Information

Q Fever is a severe, acute febrile illness, which is a major problem in Australia and around the world. It is a zoonotic disease (i.e. spread from animals to humans) caused by the organism Coxiella burnetii.

Transmission to humans is generally via inhalation of contaminated aerosolised particles or ingestion of unpasteurised dairy products.1
Q Fever is mainly thought to be an occupational hazard, but anyone who has been in contact with farm animals, or wild animals and their products, may be at risk.

(Traveling to Asia, South East Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Western Pacific and Northern Part of Australia)

Japanese Encephalitis is a viral infection transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, contracted the mortality rate of this disease is very high, as this disease is mainly zoonosis prevalent for people who intend to work in the farms and with the animals, or traveling for long duration for business or extended travel are strongly advised to have this vaccination. As this vaccination requires a series of two injections, plan early for this before your departure.

More information

Mosquito Malaria is still the major reason why people go to hospital in Tema accounting for 41,431 cases in 2012 and having the potential to go higher after recording 27,379 cases in the first six months of 2013.
Disease: Malaria
Location: Ghana

(Traveling to Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Europe, North and South America)

Rabies is characteristically transmitted by the bite or scratch from rabid infected animals. If contracted rabies is fatal disease. People who are traveling for extended period and visiting villages or intending to work in farms and animals are strongly advised to have this prophylactic anti-rabies vaccination. As this vaccination involves a series of three vaccinations it is recommended to plan ahead for this vaccination.

More information

Tetanus Vaccination Information

Tetanus is different from other vaccine-preventable diseases because it does not spread from person to person. The bacteria are usually found in soil, dust and manure and enter the body through breaks in the skin - usually cuts or puncture wounds caused by contaminated objects or accidental injuries.

Protect yourself from Avian Influenza

Avian Influenza

Vaccinating against Meningococcal Meningitis ACWY

Meningococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, also called meningococcus.

About 10% of people have this type of bacteria in the back of their nose and throat with no signs or symptoms of disease, called being 'a carrier'.

A common outcome of meningococcal infection is meningitis, When caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria it is known as meningococcal meningitis.

If not diagnosed properly and appropriate immediate treatment implemented, the disease rapidly become fatal.

Vaccinating against Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE)

What Is Tick-borne Encephalitis?

TBE is viral disease transmitted by ticks that attacks the nervous system and it may cause illnesses ranging from mild to severe, with permanent consequences such as concentration problems, paralysis and depression. Approximately every 100th case results in the death of the affected person

Vaccinating for Measles and Mumps (MMR) Outbreaks

Measles and mumps remain common diseases in many parts of the world, including some developed countries. For travelers, the risk for exposure to measles and mumps can be high, and both diseases can be prevented by the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine.

Outbreaks of measles in several European countries (Belarus, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine) that were reported in 2006 have waned in all countries except Ukraine, where the outbreak is ongoing. In addition, measles outbreaks are being reported from Kenya and Tanzania. A measles outbreak in Venezuela, South America that began in April 2006 has also waned.

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About Us

Your health when you go overseas is important - whether you are travelling on a holiday, visiting your friends and relatives, going on a business trip or looking for adventure. Getting individual care and advice based on your itinerary can ensure you have a good trip and come home healthy.

The International Travel Vaccination Centre (ITVC) is a well established travel vaccination centre with over 15 years experience. We provide a full vaccination service and are Yellow Fever accredited.

Our doctors have completed the Certificate of Travel Health through the International Society of Travel Medicine (ITSM) and are specialised in delivering travel health and vaccination advice.