Travelling to Brazil
Travellers travelling to South American countries like Brazil ,Colombia ,Peru ,Bolivia ,Venezuela & Surinam
If you are travelling to above countries consider following vaccinations:
- Hepatitis A
- Typhoid (Hep B if required)
If you are travelling to Brazil ( Rio de Janeiro , Salvador )during carnival time having Menigococcal Meningitis vaccination.
Malaria medications is essential to travel some places which will be discussed during consultation.
Depending upon your travel duration, and the type of travel, you also need Rabies information and vaccination if required.
You should also need altitude information and medication if you are travelling to Cuzco,Machu Picchu and part of Bolivia (La Paz) as they nearly 4000 meter higher than sea level.
Above vaccination are recommendation only
Yellow fever vaccination Mandatory vaccination to travel to the above countries
Yellow fever vaccinations are given by only by accredited centre like ITVC
We always carry stocks of yellow fever and other vaccination, certificate is issued following vaccination
No separate charges are applied for the certificate
Yellow fever vaccination is not prescription item to buy it from the chemist
What is Yellow Fever?
Yellow fever is a viral disease spread by mosquitoes. It occurs in tropical areas of South America and Africa. The disease is named yellow fever because one of the symptoms is jaundice, which occurs when liver inflammation causes yellowing of skin and eyes.
WHO IS A RISK AND WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS
Australians travelling to South America and Africa are potentially at risk. Once contracted, the virus generally incubates for one week. The first signs of yellow fever are flu-like symptoms including a high fever, muscle pain, chills and headaches. After three days, symptoms start to fade. In 15% of cases, the remission is followed by the onset of more severe symptoms like vomiting blood, jaundice and renal failure. In severe cases, yellow fever can be fatal.
HOW IS IT SPREAD
Mosquitoes carry yellow fever from person to person. Several different species of mosquito transmit the virus, in domestic, semi-domestic and jungle environments.
HOW IS IT PREVENTED
Vaccination is important for preventing yellow fever. Australians travelling to high risk yellow fever areas should be vaccinated against the disease. Travellers are advised to visit their travel medicine specialist centre like ITVC four to 5 weeks before travelling overseas to discuss suitable vaccination options. Australians should be aware that yellow fever vaccination may be a formal requirement to enter some countries where the disease is present.
Travellers to areas where yellow fever may be present are advised to take extra precaution to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. They should use insect repellent when outdoors and wear light, long sleeved protective clothes. It is often advised that clothes are treated with repellent too. Extra precaution is required between dusk and dawn. Travellers are advised to book accommodation in rooms with air conditioning or adequate screening, like a bed net or aerosol room insecticides.
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED AND TREATED
Yellow fever is difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms are similar to a number of other illnesses. The virus is confirmed by blood test. There is also no specific treatment for yellow fever, so patients' symptoms are treated, as opposed to the virus itself. Up to 50% of affected people die of yellow fever.
Note: certain countries require yellow fever vaccination certificate as mandatory prior to enter the country. This is to protect their country from Yellow fever disease from the person carrying the disease following the visit to endemic disease area
Traveller travelling to Brazil and other yellow fever areas requiring yellow fever vaccination advices to bring their passport ID to enter into the certificate